Article 3 Research Procedure

Article 3

Research Procedure

The study of ‘Smart Province’ in Nakhonnayok’s main purposes are to analyze working system and to evaluate opinions from service provider, people and other personnel involved. Researchers analyzed both quality and quantity which are:
1. Scrutinizing ‘Smart Province’ from secondary data from http://www.ny-thailand.net/, documents, journals and thesis as references.
2. Examining ‘Smart province’ from primary data by investigating Nakhonnayok area and also requesting related information from city hall, Nakhonnayok hospital, Baan Chek community service center and locals.
3. Creating tools for information collection by using both secondary and primary data which are divided as follows
- Interviewing project supervisor, village chief and assistance district officer
- Gathering locals opinion by using questionnaire

Selection for certain group of people
- People interviewed in this research are in total of 189 which are 86 male and 101 female
- Baan Chek village chief
- Assistance district officer
- ‘Smart Province’ service operator

Tools
Researchers use interviewing government officers and questionnaire for locals as a primary data.

1. Interview format
1.1 A group of ‘Smart Province’ supervisors are interviewed on how to build the system and procedures, hindrances and response for the project. (Interview questions see as Appendix - A)
1.2 Assistance district officer and village chief are interviewed on project operation, effectiveness and obstructions. (Interview questions see as Appendix - B)

2. Questionnaire
Questionnaire is made from secondary data to gather information from locals. There are both open-ended and close-ended forms. 5 questionnaires are made as a pre-test to locals and are revised before implementing. Contents for the questionnaires are divided in 4 parts.
Part 1: Personal information such as Name, age, gender, career and educational background
Part 2: Degrees of preparation to embrace ‘Smart province’ based on technology knowledge and understanding of the project
Part 3: Opinions of implementing information system, benefits and obstructions
Part 4: Suggestions
(Example questionnaire see as Appendix - C)

Data collection
Surveys on supervisors are used in qualitative method which are
1. A Letter of recommendation from NIDA is made in order to ask for permission to interview supervisors
2. Researchers explain the purposes of this study. Voice recording and short notes are made as references.
3. Conclude gathered information

People’s survey are used in mass quantitative method which are
1. A letter of recommendation from NIDA
2. Questionnaires are individually distributed, locals are given briefing on ‘Smart Province’ and time to carefully answer. For an irregular case, surveyor would read and take notes.
3. Collecting questionnaires for statistical analysis

Data analysis
Questionnaire analysis
1. Encoded for further computer analysis
2. Using SPSS to analyze data
3. Analyzing part 1: personal information of each questionnaire and part 2: degrees of preparation by using ‘Descriptive statistic’, percentage and mean
4. Analyzing part 3: Opinions, using Likert Scale

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The criteria used to interpret the data using Likert Scale to classified each of the different sub data, readiness level is divided into 5 scoring method which are
- Level 5 has a range of 4.21 - 5.00 indicates highest opinions.
- Level 4 has a range of 3.41 - 4.20 indicates high opinions.
- Level 3 has a range of 2.61 - 3.40 indicates moderate opinions.
- Level 2 has a range of 1.81 - 2.60 indicates less opinions.
- Level 1 has a range of 1.00 - 1.80 indicates least opinions.

The statistics used in data analysis
1. The percentage used to analyze the personal information of each questionnaire such as name, sex, age, education and occupation.

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2. Mean used to find the median or the average of each characteristic.

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